The board of the London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG) has repelled the £32bn conditional proposal from Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEX) to fully purchase the British market operator.
Unlimited forward guidance and a potentially very long-term asset purchase programme provided some reassurance and even some surprise.
The French-Spanish firm is the first credit rating agency focusing on European small and medium-sized entreprises to have been granted Esma's agreement.
The Spanish Electricity Deficit Amortisation Fund (FADE) has issued a five-year bond with a negative yield of -0.1%.
The Swiss firm's senior investment advisor Frédéric Rollin foresees market disappointment ahead of the European Central Bank's meeting scheduled on 12 September.
Rejection or withdrawal of Refinitiv's purchase is a condition to HKEX's proposal.
The Deutsche Börse subsidiary has dreamed for several years of bringing to Frankfurt those euro interest-rate derivatives clearing operations handled by LCH, its rival clearinghouse.
The fund family is a good indicator of whether a fund will use derivatives, Esma argues.
Total costs increased for all asset classes over the six first months of 2019 according to the European securities and markets authority.